THE COCOO

COMPETITION ENFORCEMENT

TARGETED LEGISLATION


There are four types of international agreements

-Economic Partnership AgreementsĀ (EPAs) – supportĀ development of trade partners from African, Caribbean and Pacific ountries

-Free Trade AgreementsĀ (FTAs)Ā – enable reciprocal market opening with developed countries and emerging economies by granting preferential access to markets

-Association AgreementsĀ (AAs) – bolster broader political agreements

-Partnership and Cooperation Agreements (PCAs)


The COCOO targets, in particular the following: WTO Agreement; the GATT 1994 & 1947;Ā  Agriculture ;Ā SPS;Ā Ā TBT


Targeted UK legislation


Since Brexit, under the terms of the UK-EU trade agreements, EU competition law is no longer enforced in the UK, and the UK and EU now operate completely separate competition regimes. UK primary legislation is called Acts of Parliament or Statutes. UK secondary legislation is called Statutory Instruments (SIs), Codes, Orders, Regulations or Rules


– The Competition Act 1998

– The Enterprise Act 2002, as amended by the Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act 2013

– Individual sector regulations, including, inter alia, the Distance Selling Regulations and the Estate Agents Act

– The Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 (CPRs)

– TheĀ EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement (covers all UK trade with the EU)

– Trade agreements between the UK and other nations and trade blocs


Targeted EU legislation


– The Unfair Commercial Practices Directive (UCPD)


– The Damages Directive: rules governing actions for tort damages under national law for infringements of the competition law provisions of the Member States and of the EU


-The EU Cybersecurity Strategy


-The EC 2020 New Consumer Agenda


-Unfair Commercial Practices Directive


– Consumer Rights Directive


-Price Indication Directive (Article 6a)


-Unfair Contract Terms Directive


-The Injunctions Directive and Representative Actions Directive


– The Consumer protection cooperation regulation


– The forthcoming legislation on decision making on EU TAX Policy


-Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2003 of 16 December 2002 on the implementation of the rules on competition laid down in Articles 81 and 82 of the Treaty


-TFEU Articles 101 through to 106


-The block exemption regulations issued pursuant to Article 101(3) TFEU specify the conditions under which certain types of agreements are exempted from the prohibition of restrictive agreements laid down in Article 101(1) TFEU


-2014 Directive on Antitrust Damages actions


-ECN+ DirectiveDirective, to make national competition authorities more effective enforcers